In 1961, the California Legislature established the Mentally Gifted Minor (MGM) program for students scoring in the 98th percentile or above on standardized intellectual ability tests. By 1980, 454 school districts and 160,000 students were participating in the program. Assembly Bill (AB) 1040, enacted in 1980, established the Gifted and Talented Education (GATE) program allowing districts to set their own criteria for entrance and expanded service beyond the intellectually gifted to students who were gifted and talented in areas such as specific academic ability, leadership, visual and performing arts, and creativity.
In 2014, California's Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) legislation redistributed state funding from several categorical programs into the general funds provided to districts, allowing local governing boards to make decisions about how to allocate the funds to best meet the needs of their student populations. GATE was one of the categorical programs repealed through this legislation, prompting Senate Bill (SB) 971 to repeal EC sections 52200–52212 later in the year.
The LCFF provides a unique opportunity for local educational agencies (LEAs) to expand upon or develop new education opportunities for high-ability students in California public elementary and secondary schools, particularly those who are traditionally underrepresented in GATE programming. The LCFF requires stakeholder input during the development of Local Control Accountability Plans (LCAP), further expanding the opportunity for educators, families, and other stakeholders to provide input as LEAs develop their annual budgets.
California Code of Regulations (CCR), Title 5The LCFF overrides the categorical funding provisions in CCR, Title 5, for GATE. Although not required, GATE program implementation guidelines provided in the CCRs may still be helpful to districts.
This information is taken directly from the California Department of Education website. For more information, please click on the following links:
Resources Outside resources for Gifted and Talented Education Programs. Gifted and Talented Education (GATE) program funding in California is now included in the Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF), authorized by the Budget Act for 2013–14, in place of most previously existing K–12 state funding streams. Funding for this program will now be determined at the local level. The following resources provide useful information about GATE for local educators and families as they explore educational options for high-ability students.
Stanford University Education Program for Gifted Youth (EPGY) As the new home of Stanford University's Education Program for Gifted Youth (EPGY), GiftedandTalented.com is the premier online community dedicated to advanced learning for K–12 students offering online courses, expert tutors, information and advice designed to help parents and educators develop accelerated learners.
College Admissions Services Resources and information about college admissions including financial aid, scholarships, studying for the SAT, writing application essays, and the college admissions process.
Destination ImagiNation, Inc. A program that involves students solving challenges and working cooperatively with a team to push the limits of imagination.
Future Problem Solving Program International An international non-profit organization that offers programs designed for 4th to 12th grade students to help develop their abilities in research, critical thinking, creativity, and teamwork.
Hoagies’ Gifted Education Page Gifted information and resources for parents, educators, counselors, administrators, other professionals, kids and teens.
Jacob K. Javits Fellowships Program U.S. Department of Education sponsored programs for gifted and talented education funding for elementary, high school, and college students; local educational agency grant programs, and university research.
Odyssey of the Mind An international educational program that provides creative problem-solving opportunities for students from kindergarten through college involving regional, state, and international competitions.